The pituitary gland is a tiny pea-sized gland that plays a major role in regulating an important body functions and also general wellbeing. It is described as the body's 'master gland' due to the fact that it controls the task of most other hormone-secreting glands.

Computer artwork that a person's head reflecting the left hemisphere of the mind inside. The emphasize area (centre) mirrors the pituitary gland attached to the bottom the the hypothalamus in ~ the base of the brain.

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The pituitary gland is a little gland the sits in the sella turcica (‘Turkish saddle’), a bony hollow in the base of the skull, underneath the brain and behind the bridge of the nose. The pituitary gland has two key parts, the anterior pituitary gland and also the posterior pituitary gland. The gland is attached to a component of the brain (the hypothalamus) that controls that activity. The anterior pituitary gland is connected to the mind by short blood vessels. The posterior pituitary gland is actually part of the mind and it secretes hormones directly into the bloodstream under the command the the brain. 

What does mine pituitary gland do?

The pituitary gland is called the "master gland" as the hormone it produces manage so many different procedures in the body. It senses the body"s needs and sends signal to different organs and also glands throughout the body to regulate their role and preserve an ideal environment. It secretes a selection of hormones into the bloodstream which act as messengers come transmit details from the pituitary gland to far-off cells, regulating your activity. For example, the pituitary gland produces prolactin, which acts upon the breasts come induce milk production. The pituitary gland additionally secretes hormones that act ~ above the adrenal glands, thyroid gland" data-content="1456" >thyroid gland, ovaries and testes, i beg your pardon in turn create other hormones. Through secretion of its hormones, the pituitary gland controls metabolism, growth, sexual maturation, reproduction, blood pressure and also many other an important physical functions and also processes. 

What hormones does mine pituitary gland produce?

The anterior pituitary gland to produce the adhering to hormones and releases them right into the bloodstream:

growth hormone, i m sorry regulates growth, metabolism and body composition prolactin, which stimulates milk production thyroid stimulating hormone, i m sorry stimulates the thyroid gland come secrete thyroid hormones.

Each of this hormones is make by a separate kind of cell within the pituitary gland, other than for follicle stimulating hormone and also luteinising hormone, which space made together by the same cell.

Two hormones are produced by the hypothalamus and also then stored in the posterior pituitary gland prior to being secreted into the bloodstream. These are:

Between the anterior pituitary and also the posterior pituitary lies the intermediate pituitary gland. Cells below produce:

melanocyte-stimulating hormone, which acts on cells in the skin to wake up the production of melanin.

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What could go wrong with my pituitary gland?

The pituitary gland is an important gland in the body and the hormone it produces carry out differed tasks and regulate the duty of numerous other organs. This means that the symptom experienced when the pituitary gland falls short correctly deserve to be different, depending upon which hormone is affected.

Conditions that affect the pituitary gland directly can be divided into three main categories:

A cell kind may divide and also then type a small benign lump, known as a tumour, and the patient may then experience from the results of too much of the hormone the cabinet produces. If the tumour grows an extremely large, also though still benign, it might squash the neighboring cells and also stop them functioning (hypopituitarism), or press upwards and interfere v vision – a visual ar defect. Very occasionally, the tumour may expand sideways and cause double vision as it affect the nerves that regulate eye movements. It must be emphasised that also when these tumours room large, they really rarely spread to other parts that the body.