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In Japanese, the native for details colors are offered differently relying on their components of speech. Having actually two to adjust – one collection is the Japanese – the various other being a katakana loan word variation of their English counterparts – i.e. Blue together buru.

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This have the right to be an extremely confusing for beginners in Japanese as to what paper definition is proper to usage which version.

Also, these are words that will appear on the JLPT N5 and also N4 levels. For this reason if you are planning on acquisition the JLPT at some point, you may discover this useful!

In this article, we will define to you exactly how to describe objects with colors in Japanese.

Nouns for simple Colors in Japanese


These words above are nouns that refer to various colors. Together a result, the bit “の(no)” is used when describing the shade of something. If you space not acquainted with particles in Japanese, us recommend friend to take a look at our basic Japanese Grammar Guide

The straightforward sentence pattern because that describing color is :

color + + subject


みどりの窓口(まどぐち)Midori no madoguchiGreen Window(usually referring to the ticket office at a train terminal in Japan)

紫(むらさき)の靴下(くつした)Murasaki no kutsushitaPurple socks.

Japanese adjectives to describe Colors

Color can additionally be defined using adjectives. Surprisingly, over there are only 4 colors the will become an adjective once “い” is included directly come the back.

They are:


Why are these colors therefore special? that is since these to be the straightforward forms of color in old Japanese language. Every shade was extensively categorized under and these 4 colors ago then. (Sounds fairly rough, isn’t it?)

Example of how to usage Japanese Colors:

Use directly in former of the subject

あおい海(うみ)AoiumiBlue sea


海(うみ)はあおいです。Umiwa aoidesuThe sea is blue.


“黄色い” and “茶色い”

There room 2 much more colors the can come to be adjective -黄色 and茶色. Why did ns not placed them together with the 4 colors above? This is because although an interpretation yellow and brown color, “黄” and also “茶” can not be on themselves when provided as colors.

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They have to be put together with the word “色 (iro colors) to end up being nouns because that yellow and brown. As a result, once they end up being adjectives, they room “黄色い” and also “茶色い” instead “黄い” or “茶い”

How come Say other Colors In Japanese

If girlfriend feel the the an easy colors are too general, right here are part Japanese native for an ext specific colors.

Rainbow clour虹色にじいろNijiiro
Light Blue水色みずいろMizuiro
Navy Blue紺色/ネービーこんいろKoniro/Nei-bi-
Yellowish Green黄緑きみどりKimidori

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