Lime and also Lemon (Lima and also Limón) in Latin America: A pair of words through a particularly facility relationship.

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English speakers learning Spanish should come to be familiar with several of the typical vocabulary pitfalls, embarazada and embarrassed being one of the most notorious. These are called false friends - the linguistic - no the human being variety. Likewise known together false cognates, they room words that sound similar in both languages however do not have the very same meaning.

When it involves food a few more concerned mind: Tuna is a prickly pear in Spanish, if tuna fish is atún - although some now call it tuna in Spanish too. Cola is a tail, not a carbonated drink. One abogado is a lawyer, not an avocado. Meringue is suspiro, not merengue, the Dominican national dance.A pair of false friends with a particularly complicated relationship is lemon and lime in Spanish.

Lime and lemon in Spanish

You’d think the in Spanish lemon would certainly be called limón and also lime would certainly be lima.

But it’s not that simple.

In an effort to make sense of this, I found that in countries where limes are more common – like lot of Latin America - they are called limones, while lemons are sometimes well-known as limas. This is the instance in Mexico at least. In other places, prefer the Dominican Republic, limón is offered for both lemon and also lime.

The common lime eaten in the DR is of the Persian lime variety. The clinical name is Citrus×latifolia. As lemons (Citrus×limon) are much less common, lock are called by the more descriptive name of limón amarillo.

In Spain, where lemons are much more common than limes, lemons are limones and limes room limas, and this is confirmed by the actual Academia definitions that define limones as yellow and limas together green.

The beginning of the word "lemon" is thought to be middle Eastern, native the Arabic laymun and from the Persian limun, the share term because that citrus fruit. The actual fruit source in Asia and it is said that Columbus himself lugged the very first seeds to Hispaniola in 1493.

Lemons space a subtropical/tropical crop, however they rarely show up in markets and supermarkets in the Dominican Republic. It would certainly be amazing to find out even if it is this is since they can’t grow here. Probably it’s simply that no one is cultivating castle commercially. Although lemon do have a contempt different, softer flavor the goes better with certain things, ~ above the whole, I like limes.

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In Dominican cooking, limes are offered in juices like jugo de avena and also morir soñando, and in marinades because that chicken and also fish.