absorption
AB
Passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine right into the bloodstream.

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amino acidsBuilding block of proteins, produced when proteins are digested.
amylaseEnzyme secreted by the pancrease come digest starch.
anusOpening the the digestive street to the outside of the body.
appendixBlind bag hanging from the cecum.
bileDigestive juice made in the liver and also stored in the gallbladder. It division up large fat globules. Bile originally was called gall, probably since it has actually a bitter taste. The is written of bile pigments, cholesterol, and bile salts.
bilirubinpigment exit by the liver bile.
bowelintestine
canine teethPointed "dog tooth"-like teeth, next to the incisors. Additionally called cuspids or eyeteeth.
cecumFirst component of the large intestine.
common bile ductCarries bile indigenous the liver and also gallbladder to the duodenum. Additionally called the choledochus.
defecationElimination the feces indigenous the cradle tract v the rectum.
deglutitionswallowing
dentinMajor tissue creating teeth, covered by the enamel in the crown and also a protective great of cementum in the root.
digestionBreakdown of complicated foods to less complicated forms.
duodenumFirst part of the tiny intestine. Duo = 2, den = 10; the duodenum actions 12 inches long.
eliminationAct of removal of products from the body; in the digestive system, the removal of indigestivle materials.
emulsificationPhysical process of breaking up large fat globules into smaller globules, thereby increasing the surface area the enzymes deserve to use to digest the fat.
enamelHard, outermost class of a tooth.
enzymeA chemical that sppeds up a reaction between substances. Digestive enzymes breakdown complex foodstuffs to easier substances. Enzymes are offered names that finish in -ase.
esophagusTube connecting the throat to the stomach.
fatty acidsSubstances created when fats room digested.
fecesSolid wastes; stools
gallbladderSmall sac under the liver; shop bile.
glucoseSimple sugar.
glycogenStarch; glucose is stored in the form of glycogen in liver cells.
hydrochloric acidSubstance created by the stomach; vital for digestion of food.
ileumThird component of the small intestine.
incisorOne of 4 from teeth in the dentist arch.
jejunumSecond component of the small intestine.
lipasePancreatic enzyme important to digest fats.
liverA big organ situated in the RUQ of the abdomen. The liver secretes bile; shop sugar, iron, and also vitamins; produces blood proteins; and destroys worn-out red blood cells.
lower esophageal sphincter (LES)Ring of muscles between the esophagus and the stomach. Likewise called the cardiac sphincter.
masticationChewing.
molar teethThe sixth, seventh, and also eighth teeth from the middel ~ above either side of the dentist arch.
palateRoof of the mouth.
pancreasOrgan under the stomach; to produce insulin and also enzymes.
papillae (singular: papilla)Small elevations on the tongue. A papilla is a nipple-like elevation.
parotid glandSalivary gland in ~ the cheek, just anterior come the ear.
peristalsisRhythmic contractions of the tube of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and other tubular structures.
pharynxThroat, the usual passageway for food from the mouth and also for waiting from the nose.
portal veinLarge vein happen blood come the liver indigenous the intestines.
premolar teethThe fourth and fifth teeth before the molars.
proteaseEnzyme that digests protein.
pulpSoft tissue within a tooth, include nerves and also blood vessels.
pyloric sphincterRing of muscle at the finish of the stomach, close to the duodenum.
pylorusDistal region of the stomach, opening to the duodenum.
rectumLast section of the big intestine, connecting the finish of the colon and also the anus.
rugaeRidges ~ above the tough palate and also the wall surface of the stomach.
salivaDigestive juice created by outstanding glands.
salivary glandsParotid, sublingual, and submandibular glands.
sigmoid colonFourth and also last S-shaped segment that the colon, just prior to the rectum empties right into the rectum.
sphincterCircular ring that muscle that constricts a i or close the door a organic opening.
stomachMuscular body organ that receives food native the esophagus. The stomach's components are the fundus (proximal section), body (middle section) and also antrum (distal section).
triglyceridesLarge fat molecules created of three components fatty acid and one component glycerol.
uvulaSoft organization hanging indigenous the middle of the soft palate.

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villi (singular: villus)Microscopic projections in the wall surface of the small intestine that absorb nutrients right into the bloodstream.
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