Calcium nitride, referred to as calcium azanidylidenecalcium in IUPAC nomenclature, is an not natural compound through constituent elements calcium and also nitrogen and also represented by the chemistry formula Ca3N2 <1>. The has various isomorphous forms, the end of i m sorry α-calcium nitride is generally found <2>.

Calcium Nitride Identification

CAS Number12013-82-0 <3, 4>
PubChem CID3387080 <1>
ChemSpider ID21171155 <4>
EC Number234-592-9 <3>
RTECS NumberN/A <3>

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Calcium Nitride Formula

How is Calcium Nitride Prepared

It deserve to be synthesized when calcium is heated at an elevated temperature in the presence of air, i m sorry is stood for by the following straight reaction that the aspects <2>:

3Ca + N2 → Ca3N2

The calcium nitride formed can be quickly identified, as it reacts v moisture or water to develop calcium hydroxide and ammonia <2>:

Ca3N2 + 6H2O → 3Ca(OH)2 + 2NH3


Calcium Nitride Ionic Bond

Properties and also Characteristics the Calcium Nitride

General Properties

Molar Mass/Molecular Weight148.248 g/mol <1>

Physical Properties

Color and also AppearanceReddish-brown crystalline flour <2, 3>
Melting Point1,195 °C, 2,183 °F <5>
Boiling PointN/A <3>
Density2.63 g cm-3 <3>
State of issue at room temperature (solid/liquid/gas)Solid <3>
Solubility in WaterDecomposes in H2O

Atomic Properties

Crystal StructureCubic <5>


Calcium Nitride chemistry Structure


Ca3N2 deserve to be offered for obtaining reactive nitride ion <5>.

Is the Toxic

Repeated contact or overexposure to Ca3N2 has been attached to eye damage and also skin burns <6>. It is a flammable solid and also should be kept away native sparks, heat, open up flames, and also water, since of possible dangerous reaction <6>.



Limiting Reagent (Reactant)

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Brønsted-Lowry Theory

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