L>Student source Glossary
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ablation Term supplied to define some varieties of treatment of prostate cancer.
anuria The lack of urine development by the kidneys.
light prostatic hyperplasia an enlargement the the prostate gland the most frequently occurs in men over age 50.
chronic kidney condition The progressive loss the renal duty over months or years.
cystitis one inflammation of the bladder.
cystocele A hernia of the bladder through the quality wall; also know as a please bladder.
cystolith A rock in the urinary bladder.
cystopexy The operation fixation of the bladder come the abdominal muscle wall.
cystoscopy The visual examination the the urinary bladder using a cystoscope.
dialysis A procedure to eliminate waste products, such as urea, creatinine, as well as excess water from the blood the a patient whose kidneys no much longer function.
diuresis The increased output the urine.
end-stage renal an illness The last stage of chronic kidney disease.
enuresis The involuntary discharge of urine.
epispadias A congenital abnormality the the urethral opening. In the male v epispadias, the urethral opened is situated on the upper surface ar of the penis; in the female v epispadias, the urethral opening is in the an ar of the clitoris.
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy The damage of kidney stones through the use of high-energy ultrasonic waves traveling v water or gel.
glomerulonephritis A type of nephritis caused by inflammation the the glomeruli that causes red blood cells and proteins to leak right into the urine.
hemodialysis The process by i m sorry waste assets are filtered straight from the patient’s blood.
hydronephrosis The ede of one or both kidneys together the result of an obstruction that the flow of urine.
hydroureter The extending out the a ureter through urine, is brought about by a blockage in the ureter the does not allow the pee to circulation normally.
hyperproteinuria The visibility of abnormally high concentration of protein in the urine.
hypoproteinemia The presence of abnormally low concentrations that protein in the blood.
hypospadias A congenital abnormality the the urethral opening. In the male v hypospadias, the urethral opened is ~ above the ventral surface ar of the penis; in the female through hypopadias, the urethra opens right into the vagina.
incontinence The inability to control the excretion of urine and/or feces.
interstitial cystitis A chronic inflammation within the wall surfaces of the bladder.
intravenous pyelogram A radiographic research of the kidneys and also ureters.
nephrolith A rock located in the kidney.
nephrolithiasis describes the presence of stones in the kidney.
nephrolysis The surgical freeing of a kidney native adhesions.
nephrons The microscopic functional units of every kidney wherein urine is created through the procedures of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion.
nephropathy Any condition of the kidney.
nephroptosis The prolapse, or dropping down, of a kidney into the pelvic area as soon as the patient stands.
nephropyosis Suppuration of the kidney.
nephrostomy The location of a catheter to maintain an opening from the pelvis that one or both kidneys to the exterior of the body.
nephrotic syndrome A group of problems in which excessive quantities of protein are shed through the urine.
neurogenic bladder A urinary problem caused through interference through the typical nerve pathways associated with urination.
nocturia Frequent and excessive urination during the night.
nocturnal enuresis Urinary incontinence throughout sleep; likewise known as bed-wetting.
oliguria Scanty urination.
percutaneous nephrolithotomy The surgical removal the a nephrolith v a small incision in the back.
peritoneal dialysis The lining the the peritoneal cavity acts together the filter to eliminate waste indigenous the blood.
polycystic kidney condition aA genetic disorder defined by the expansion of many fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys.
polyuria too much urination, and is a common symptom that diabetes.
prostatism A disorder resulting from the compression, or obstruction, of the urethra as result of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
pyeloplasty The surgical repair of the ureter and also renal pelvis.
pyelotomy A operation incision right into the renal pelvis.
suprapubic catheterization The location of a catheter into the bladder with a tiny incision made with the abdominal wall just over the pubic bone.
uremia A toxic problem resulting indigenous renal failure in i beg your pardon kidney function is compromised and urea and also other waste commodities normally secreted in the pee are maintained in the blood.
ureterectasis The enlargement the a ureter.
ureterolith A stone located anywhere along the ureter.
ureterorrhagia The discharge of blood from the ureter.
ureterorrhaphy The surgical suturing of a ureter.
urethritis an inflammation the the urethra.
urethropexy The surgical fixation that the urethra to nearby tissue.
urethrorrhagia Bleeding indigenous the urethra.
urethrostenosis Narrowing of the urethra.
urethrotomy A surgical incision into the urethra for relief that a stricture.
urinary catheterization The insertion of a tube right into the bladder in order come procure a sterile specimen because that diagnostic purposes, or to drainpipe urine.
vesicovaginal fistula an abnormal opening in between the bladder and also vagina that allows constant involuntary flow of urine from the bladder into the vagina.


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voiding cystourethrography A diagnostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is supplied to study the circulation of urine indigenous the bladder and also through the urethra.
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