South Florida ind gathering food in the Everglades around the time of European come in Florida.

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Courtesy Theodore Morris, www.

The Tequesta or Tekesta Indians stayed in present-day southern Palm Beach, Broward, and also Miami-Dade counties. Castle were second in power and also prominence among the little tribes of Florida’s south east coast. Come the north were the Jeaga and Jobe, and also to the west and also southwest to be the leading Calusa. According to chroniclers of the early on 20th century, the cook of the Tequesta was regarded the cook of the Calusa. The very first record the European contact with the Tequesta was in 1513, by Juan Ponce de León as soon as he found the Florida coast.

The Tequesta were hunter-gatherers who lived in villages, although lock may have actually lived in the open up the greater part of the year, as Bishop Diaz Vara Calderon in 1675 created that the people in south Florida “had no solved abodes.” What huts castle did have were most likely covered with palmetto thatch. Their towns were typically significant by a kitchen midden, the buildup of refuse such together shell, bones, ashes, and also broken pottery. This middens were always obtainable by water and usually located on a river, close to its mouth, or top top a cay (a small, short island developed from mostly coral or sand, much more often dubbed “key” in Florida). The Tequesta sought their food (deer, fish, alligator, turtles, shellfish, plants, and also roots) in dugout canoes and sometimes traveled great distances to discover a manatee or other large marine animal.


Seminole males in a canoe close to the Jupiter Lighthouse, ca. 1880. Courtesy HSPBC.

Like other south Florida Indians, the Tequesta wore very small clothing, simply breechcloths (loincloths), probably made of palmetto, for the men, and also skirts that Spanish moss for the women. Among the last written referrals to the Tequesta to be from dad Monaco in 1743, who said they were suffering from the continued attacks of the Yuchi, a huge tribe that had actually livedfrom Illinois to Florida among many other peoples, yet struggled for a home and identity after the come of europeans upset their alliances.

In the 1770s young name Romans detailed numerous deserted towns while traveling follow me the eastern coast. Several other authors attribute your extinction, like so countless other little tribes, to teams of miscellaneous Creek Indians that moved right into Florida in the mid-18th century indigenous Georgia and Alabama, later called Seminoles.

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© 2009 Historical society of Palm beach County | all photos courtesy HSPBC unless otherwise noted