Food Vacuole Definition

“Food vacuole” is among the more complicated terms to research study – because there space two different definitions of this hatchet in typical use!

Some scientists refer to a “food vacuole” together any huge sac inside a cabinet that includes food because that the cell; vacuoles are offered to store cellular fuel by part cells in animals, plants, fungi, and microorganisms.

You are watching: What does the food vacuole do

Others specify “food vacuole” as being a specific form of cradle vacuole i m sorry is only discovered in specific protozoan microorganisms.

Be details you know which kind your labmates or teachers are referring to as soon as they talk about food secret – otherwise, friend may finish up an extremely confused!

Here, we will comment on the an ext technical meaning – secret that are used by some protozoans to digest food.

Function that Food Vacuole

Food vacuoles are membrane-bound bag within a cell, which contain food matter to be digested. These can be assumed of together intracellular “stomachs,” wherein food is save on computer while it is damaged down and its nutrients are extracted.

To begin the cellular “eating” process, the cabinet membrane curve to envelope a fragment of food. As soon as the cell membrane has actually enveloped the food completely, that “pinches off,” moving the food completely inside the cell.

The membrane neighboring the food bit is currently a “vacuole” – a huge membrane-bound sac within the cell.


The procedure of the cell ingesting food by pack its membrane about it is dubbed “phagocytosis.” the term derives from the root words “phage” because that “eat” and also “cyto” because that “cell.” for this reason “phagocytosis” means, literally, “cell eating.”

Once the food vacuole has been produced inside the cell, the cell starts to digest it, making use of a lysosome.

Lysosomes are special membrane-bound sacs within of cells that contain the cellular identical of stomach acid. Similar to our stomachs, castle contain acid and enzymes to malfunction nutrients into usable forms.

When a cell wants to digest the food inside a vacuole, the vacuole merges v lysosomes. Together the 2 membrane-bound bag merge, the materials of the lysosome spill right into the food vacuole – and also begin digesting the food within.

Over time, the food is converted right into usable nutrients for the cabinet such together sugars, amino acids, and also lipids.

Any materials that aren’t usable to the cell are at some point expelled as soon as the vacuole merges again with the cell membrane.


1. Why room there two definitions of “food vacuole?”A. due to the fact that organisms use vacuoles for numerous different purposes.B. since many organisms save food in vacuoles, however there are some distinctions in how these vacuoles function.C. because “food” and also “vacuole” room both frequently used state in biology.D. no one of the above.
Answer to question #1
B is correct. Human being use the hatchet “food vacuole” in different ways due to the fact that many organisms keep food in vacuoles.

However, the hatchet was very first applied come the process of digestion used by protozoans, and also that is still the dictionary definition of this term.

See more: How Do You Say Happy Easter In German Easter Cards From Greeting Card Universe

Answers A. And also C. Are also true, yet B. Is the most particular answer to this question.


Food vacuole. (n.d.). Recall April 23, 2017, from vacuole