Ammonium nitrite represented by the chemical formula NH4NO2 or H4N2O2 <1> that bears the IUPAC surname azanium nitrite <4> is a compound containing nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen that is dissolve in water <6>. It is one ammonium salt and an ionic link <1>.
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Ammonium Nitrite Identification
|CAS Number||13446-48-5 <1>|
|PubChem CID||26004 <1>|
|ChemSpider ID||24223 <2>|
|EC Number||236-598-7 <1>|
How to do it
Ammonium nitrite deserve to be ready by a reaction between silver nitrite and ammonium chloride that likewise produces silver- chloride <6>.
2AgNO2 + NH4Cl = NH4NO2 + 2AgCl
Nitrous acid additionally reacts through ammonium hydroxide to develop ammonium nitrite and water <7>.
HNO2 + NH4OH = NH4NO2 + H2O
Properties and Characteristics that Ammonium Nitrite
|Molar mass/molecular weight||64.044 g/mol <1>|
|Color/appearance||White-yellowish crystals <5>|
|Melting point/freezing point||Decomposes (explodes in ~ 60°C-70°C) <3>|
|Boiling point||N/A <4>|
|Density||1.69 g cm-3 <3>|
|State of issue at room temperature (normal phase)||Solid <5>|
|Solubility in water||64.3 g/100g (at 19.15oC) <5>|
|pH||>7 (basic) <6>|
Ammonium Nitrite Structure
If the focused solution the the compound is heated as well strongly, that explodes decomposing into nitrogen gas and water <5, 6>.
NH4NO2 = N2 + 2H2O
Ammonium Nitrite Formula
Ammonium Nitrite UsesAs a microbiocide, rodenticide and agricultural pesticide <4>.In do explosives <6>.
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Is it Dangerous
The link is very toxic come humans and aquatic animals. It can reason an to explode hazard. Heater it can produce toxic fumes the ammonia and also nitrogen oxides <4, 6>
Ammonium Nitrite (NH4NO2) Cost
The rough compound is extremely challenging to find in the pure kind and almost none the the major chemical suppliers sell it because that commercial purposes <6>.
Limiting Reagent (Reactant)
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