Joseph Keppler to be born in Vienna, Austria, on first February, 1838. Keppler studied art in Vienna and also had his satirical cartoons published in the newspaper Kiberiki.
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After migration to the United states in 1867 Keppler operated as an gibbs in St. Louis prior to launching a feeling weekly newspaper in the city. This was not a success and also a German-language weekly he began in 1870 also ended in failure.
He relocated to brand-new York and became a staff cartoonist for the magazine, candid Leslie"s Illustrated. Frank Leslie believed that Keppler would carry out ideal competition for thomas Nast in ~ Harper"s Weekly.
In 1876 he started his own depicted magazine, Puck. The name of the magazine was taken from the elfin character in Shakespeare"s Midsummer Night"s Dream. Up until this time, American humorous journals had actually been modeled on beat Magazine. However, Keppler refuse to perform this and created a different type of magazine. Each week the front-cover that the magazine featured a different cartoon. The centerfold and front and ago covers were likewise in colour.
Puck began as a German-language weekly however an English version showed up the following year. The 16 page magazine sold for ten cents. For numerous years the English language newspaper operated at a loss and was subsidized by the German version. However, circulation slowly increased and also by the beforehand 1880s Keppler was marketing over 80,000 copies a week.
The drawing on the front page of Puck and the double-spread in the middle were politics in character, while the one ~ above the ago cover usually faced social issues. Keppler had timeless views ~ above the function of women and never exhausted of poking fun at those involved in the project for women"s suffrage. Nor did he display much sympathy for the emerging trade union movement.
At very first Keppler attracted all the cartoons because that Puck. Later Keppler recruited numerous talented artists including Frederick Opper, James Wales, Eugene Zimmerman and Bernard Gillam. It has been said that Keppler had actually a an excellent influence top top the artistic advancement of these cartoonists.
Keppler gave specific politicians a difficult time in his magazine. Ulysses grant was struck for his drink whereas Rutherford Hayes to be criticised because that his decision to half drink indigenous the table in the White House. It has actually been suggested that Puck play a significant role in ensuring that Grover Cleveland defeated James Blaine in the 1884 presidential election. Young name Gillam depicted Blaine as the tattooed man. ~ above Blaine"s body to be engraved details of fees of corruption make by his politics past. Blaine threatened to sue however was persuaded by his politics friends to back down.
Keppler likewise disapproved of spiritual hypocrisy. Puck included several cartoons that argued that the accusations against the preacher, Henry war Beecher, to be true. The newspaper was also hostile come the Catholic Church and Leo XIII was portrayed unsympathetically after ending up being the brand-new pope in 1878. Joseph Pulitzer was one more target and responded through trying come buy the magazine.
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Joseph Keppler passed away on 19th February, 1894. Puck to be taken end by his son, Joseph Keppler Jr., who was also a cartoonist.