Hydrogen Sulfide is a usual chemical compound the is useful for examining inorganic compound of metal ions. It has actually the chemical formula that H2S. The molecule has two Hydrogen atoms and a single Sulfur atom. H2S is additionally a precursor because that elemental Sulfur. It additionally plays a crucial role in signaling pathways in the human being body. So to know the hybridization, polarity, and also molecular geometry the this compound, that is necessary to understand its Lewis structure.

You are watching: What type of bond is h2s

Name that moleculeHydrogen de defiders ( H2S)
No of Valence electrons in the molecule8
Hybridization of CO2sp3 hybridization
Bond Angles104.5 degrees
Molecular Geometry that CO2Bent

Before learning its Lewis structure, let us calculate the total variety of valence electrons in Hydrogen Sulfide as these electrons get involved in bond formation and assist us study Lewis structure with ease. 

Valence electron of H2S

To recognize the total variety of valence electron in Hydrogen Sulfide we need to add the valence electrons of both Hydrogen and Sulfur atoms. There space two atoms of Hydrogen and a single atom of Sulfur in the compound. 

Each Hydrogen atom has only one electron which is likewise its valence electron 

Hence there are two valence electrons for Hydrogen atom ( as there room two Hydrogen atoms)

Sulfur has actually six valence electrons. 

Total variety of valence electron in H2S

= 2(1) + 6

= 8

Thus, there space a complete of eight valence electrons in H2S. 

H2S Lewis Structure

The Lewis structure of any kind of compound is a structural representation of the valence electron participating in the development of bond along with the nonbonding electron pairs. Knowing the Lewis structure of a offered chemical compound is vital as it gives the essential information around all other chemical properties of the compound. 

The representation is displayed using dots and lines that stand for electrons. Dots stand for the electrons that do not get involved in the bond formation. Whereas, the lines stand for the bonds in the compound. The structure is made based on the Octet Rule. The Octet rule of chemistry states that there need to be eight electron in the outer shell that an facet for that to it is in stable.

The Lewis framework of Hydrogen Sulfide is easy to draw and understand. In this compound, both the hydrogen atoms call for one electron to make the covalent bond through Sulfur. The Lewis structure of H2S is comparable to H2S. Sulfur needs eight electron to fulfill the demands for Octet Rule. But Hydrogen only requires a single electron to become stable together it belongs to group 1 elements.


Place the Sulphur atom in the middle and also arrange its valence electrons approximately it.

Now ar two Hydrogen atom on both sides of the central atom.

Here the valence electrons of Sulfur are offered to make Hydrogen secure by donating an electron to both the atom of Hydrogen. 2 out of 6 valence electrons take part in bond formation.

Draw lines ( for showing bonds) between Hydrogen and Sulphur atoms. 

 The remaining 4 electrons space nonbonding electrons and also are hence displayed as dots near the Sulfur atom. In complete there space two pairs of non-bonding electron in this compound and also Hydrogen atoms have actually a finish valence shell. 

H2S Hybridization

To know the hybridization of H2S, the is critical to recognize two points first:

The variety of bonds in the compound and its type

It is vital to know the kind of bonding in the compound to know its hybridization. In the H2S molecule, 2 Hydrogen atoms kind a bond through the main Sulfur atom. Two solitary bonds are created in the molecule. This bonds take up four valence electrons, and also hence there are four other valence electron left. While developing a link the s orbital of the Hydrogen atom overlaps through p orbit of the Sulfur atom. The lone pair of electron takes up 2 of the sp3 orbitals. The other two orbitals that sp3 overlap with 1s orbital of the Hydrogen atom.

This arrangement leads come the sp3 hybridization the H2S molecule. The overlapping the the two-hybrid orbitals develops two sigma bonds between Hydrogen and Sulfur atom.

The steric number of the offered compound

The steric number is defined as the an ar of electron density seen around the central atom. In this case, as Sulfur is the main atom the steric variety of the compound will certainly be the cumulative full of atoms bonded to the central atom and also the number of lone bag of electrons approximately the central atom.

The formula because that finding this number is:

Steric Number (SN)

 = No the sigma bonds on the central atom +No the pi lone bag on the central atom

In this situation of H2S molecules, there space two sigma bonds, and also there are two lone bag of electrons on the central atom.


Thus SN of H2S molecule = 2+2


As the Steric number of H2S is four, it has two 

hybrid orbitals and also two lone pairs of electrons that make it an sp3 hybridization.

Now the we know the Lewis structure and also hybridization that the molecule, the is basic to recognize its molecule geometry.

H2S Molecular geometry

Hybridization the the offered molecule H2S is sp3; the Sulfur atom is in center bonding with two Hydrogen atoms forming the shortcut angle less than 180 degrees. Follow to the VSEPR theory, the lone pairs of electron repel each other, yet as the Sulfur atom is much less electronegative, the bond edge decreases come 104.5 degrees.

This diminish in the angle leads to a bend structure.

Another means to recognize Molecular geometry is by the AXN method. Wherein A denotes the central atom, X is because that the number external inspection pair of electrons and also N is because that the lone pair of electrons. Here the basic formula will certainly be AX2N2 due to two bonding pairs and also two lone pairs of electrons. For this reason this molecule mirrors a bent geometry.

H2S Polarity

Now that we have actually the required information about the molecule, that is simple to determine its polarity. The polarity of any kind of given molecule relies on its molecule geometry and the in its entirety electronegativity. Together the Sulfur atom is less electronegative, the in its entirety electronegativity of the link is less than 0.4, which provides it nonpolar.

Thus it deserve to be said that the H2S molecule is nonpolar.

See more: Which Type Of Muscle Tires Quickly During Exercise ? What Can You Do To Relieve It


Concluding remarks

From the above information, it deserve to be concluded the the H2S molecule has actually eight valence electrons, sp3 hybridization, bent molecular geometry, and also is nonpolar.