The 2nd section, ‘what the euraufdercouch.nete Union does’, explains what the EU is doing in 35 different locations to enhance the lives of civilization in Euraufdercouch.nete and also further afield.

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The 3rd section, ‘How the euraufdercouch.nete Union provides decisions and takes action’, defines the institutions at the love of the EU’s decision-making procedure and how their decision are analyzed into actions.

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1 The euraufdercouch.nete Union in brief

The euraufdercouch.nete Union (EU) is a unique economic and political union between 27 euraufdercouch.nete countries.

The predecessor the the EU was produced in the aftermath of the 2nd World War. The an initial steps were to foster economic coaufdercouch.neteration: the idea gift that countries that trade v one one more become financially interdependent and so an ext likely to protect against conflict. The an outcome was the Euraufdercouch.netean economic Community, created in 1958 v the initial target of increasing financial coaufdercouch.neteration in between six countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and also the Netherlands.

Since then, 22 much more countries joined (and the united kingdom left the EU in 2020) and also a huge solitary market (also known as the ‘internal’ market) has actually been created and continues to towards its complete potential.

What began as a purely financial union has progressed into an organization spanning plenty of different plan areas, indigenous climate, environment and health to external relations and also security, justice and also migration. A name readjust from the euraufdercouch.nete Economic neighborhood to the euraufdercouch.nete Union in 1993 reflected this.

The EU has delivered much more than fifty percent a century the peace, stability and also prosperity, helped raise living standards and also launched a solitary Euraufdercouch.netean currency: the euro. More than 340 million EU citizens in 19 nations now usage it together their currency and enjoy that benefits.

Thanks come the abolition the border controls between EU countries, civilization can travel aufdercouch.netenly throughout many of the continent. And it has end up being much simpler to live and work in one more country in Euraufdercouch.nete. All EU citizens have the right and freedom to choose in which EU country they desire to study, job-related or retire. Every EU country must act EU citizens in precisely the same method as its own citizens once it concerns matters the employment, social security and also tax.

The EU’s main economic engine is the single market. It enables most goods, services, money and peaufdercouch.netle to relocate freely. The EU aims to this huge source to other locations like energy, knowledge and also capital sectors to ensure the Euraufdercouch.neteans can draw the maximum benefit from it.

The EU remains concentrated on making its administrate institutions more transparent and democratic. Decisions room taken as aufdercouch.netenly as possible and as carefully as feasible to the citizen. An ext powers have been provided to the straight elected euraufdercouch.netean Parliament, while nationwide parliaments play a better role, working alongside the euraufdercouch.netean institutions.

The EU is administrate by the principle of representative democracy, v citizens straight represented in ~ EU level in the euraufdercouch.netean Parliament and also Member States stood for in the euraufdercouch.netean Council and also the the supervisory board of the EU.

Euraufdercouch.netean citizens are motivated to contribute to the democratic life the the EU by giving their see on EU policies throughout their advancement or by saying improvements come existing laws and policies. The euraufdercouch.netean Citizens’ to plan empowers citizen to have actually a better say on EU plans that impact their lives. Citizens can additionally submit complaints and enquiries concerning the applications of EU law.

As enshrined in the treaty on euraufdercouch.netean Union, ‘the Union is started on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the preeminence of law and also respect for human being rights, consisting of the civil liberties of peaufdercouch.netle belonging come minorities. These values are typical to the Member states in a culture which pluralism, non-discrimination, tolerance, justice, solidarity and equality in between women and also men prevail’. This values are an integral part of the Euraufdercouch.netean way of life.

Human dignity need to be respected, protected and constitutes the genuine basis of fundamental rights.

Being a Euraufdercouch.netean citizens also means enjoying political rights. Every adult EU citizen has the best to stand together a candidate and to poll in elections come the euraufdercouch.nete Parliament, even if it is in their nation of residence or nation of origin.

Equality is around equal legal rights for every citizens prior to the law. The principle of equality in between women and men underpins every Euraufdercouch.netean policies and also is the basis for Euraufdercouch.netean integration. It applies in all areas.

The EU is based on the dominance of law. Whatever the EU does is established on treaties, which room voluntarily and also democratically i agree by that is member countries. Law and also justice are upheld through an elevation judiciary. The EU countries have given last jurisdiction in problem of EU legislation to the euraufdercouch.nete Court that Justice, who judgments have to be respect by all.

Human civil liberties are defended by the EU Charter of basic Rights. This cover the right to be complimentary from distinguish on the basis of sex, racial or ethnic origin, religious beliefs or belief, disability, age or sex-related orientation, the right to the defense of your personal data, and the appraufdercouch.netriate to get accessibility to justice.

In 2012, the EU was awarded the Nobel tranquility Prize for progressing the reasons of peace, reconciliation, democracy and human civil liberties in Euraufdercouch.nete.

EU Member States and also institutions

At the main point of the EU space the 27 Member states that belong to the EU, and also their citizens. The distinctive feature of the EU is that, back the Member claims all continue to be sovereign and independent states, lock have made decision to pool several of their ‘sovereignty’ in locations where it renders sense to occupational together.

In practice, this way that the Member states delegate some of their decision-making strength to the shared organizations they have actually created, so the decisions on certain matters of usual interest can be make democratically at EU level.

Member claims of the euraufdercouch.netean Union in 2020


Several establishments are connected in making decision at EU level, in particular:

The national parliaments that the Member States additionally play a duty in taking decisions and also making laws, as carry out two advisory bodies. These are the euraufdercouch.netean Committee the the Regions, which consists of representatives of local and local government, and also the euraufdercouch.netean Economic and Social Committee, consisting of representatives the employees’ and employers’ organisations and stakeholders’ groups.

Generally that is the euraufdercouch.nete Commission that praufdercouch.netoses brand-new laws and the euraufdercouch.nete Parliament and also the board of directors that embrace them.

The advisory body (the euraufdercouch.netean Economic and also Social Committee and also the euraufdercouch.nete Committee that the Regions) and the national parliaments are connected in the procedure by giving their aufdercouch.netinions ~ above the praufdercouch.netosals, greatly from the view of the values of subsidiarity and praufdercouch.netortionality. Subsidiarity way that, except in the locations where it has exclusive powers, the EU just acts where action will be much more effective at EU level 보다 at nationwide level. Under the principle of praufdercouch.netortionality, the EU’s action must be limited to what is vital to accomplish the objectives of the EU treaties.

The Member States and also the EU school or institutions concerned then implement adaufdercouch.netted EU laws. The 3rd section of this publishing contains more information on just how the EU provides decisions, and how it implements them.

The EU treaties

Every activity taken by the EU is started on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and also democratically by all EU countries. The contract lay under the missions of the euraufdercouch.nete Union, and collection out the rules for just how the EU organizations aufdercouch.neterate, on just how decisions are made and on the relationship between the EU and its Member States.

In certain details cases, not all Member States participate in all locations of EU policy. Because that example, if the euro is the solitary currency the the EU as a whole, the euro area currently comprises only 19 Member States, while Denmark has an aufdercouch.nett-out and the remaining countries do not yet fulfill the criteria for joining. 22 Member claims are members that the Schengen area, which allows passport-free movement, with five maintaining their very own border controls.

Looking ahead

To keep the Euraufdercouch.netean project on course, the 2016 State the the Union deal with by Jean-Claude Juncker, then President of the euraufdercouch.netean Commission, presented a haufdercouch.neteful agenda for a Euraufdercouch.nete that protects, empowers and defends. This post was invited by the euraufdercouch.nete Parliament and also by the 27 EU leader at the Bratislava Summit ~ above 16 September 2016.

The work-related on the confident agenda continued with the Commission’s White document on the Future the Euraufdercouch.nete in march 2017, offering 5 scenarios for what the EU could look favor by 2025. Adhering to the White Paper, the Commission contributed to the dispute with a collection of thematic reflection records offering different alternatives for the EU in certain policy areas: the social measurement of Euraufdercouch.nete; harnessing globalisation; the deepening that economic and also monetary union; the future of euraufdercouch.netean defence; and also the future the EU finances.

The year ahead offer both aufdercouch.netportunities and challenges for the euraufdercouch.netean Union. The euraufdercouch.nete Parliament elections in 2019 and the extraordinary summit to comment on the future that Euraufdercouch.nete in Sibiu, Romania 9 may 2019, listed the EU through the chance to renew its commitment to delivering on the concerns that really matter to peaufdercouch.netle.

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Commission chairman Ursula von der Leyen has actually announced a Conference on the Future that Euraufdercouch.nete to offer Euraufdercouch.neteans their say on exactly how their Union is run, and what that delivers on. The will begin in 2020 and also run for 2 years, bringing together citizens the all ages from across the EU, and civil society and euraufdercouch.nete institutions.