KNOW WHAT IS front OF friend Scanning her surroundings (keeping your eyes moving) includes keeping a safe distance roughly your vehicle. When one more driver renders a mistake, you require time come react. Offer yourself this time by maintaining a “space cushion” on every sides of her vehicle. This an are cushion will provide you room to brake or maneuver if you require the space.

You are watching: You should look at least ___________ seconds ahead of your car. 10 12 20 5

* just how To Scan For risks On The Road

To stop last minute moves, look down the road 10–15 seconds ahead that your car so you can see hazards early. Continuous staring at the road simply in former of your automobile is dangerous. Together you scan ahead, it is in alert because that vehicles about you. Watch because that parked vehicles that are moving into traffic.

Use her mirrors. Enable enough room between you and the vehicle ahead to give yourself an “out.” Mistakes cause collisions. In the city, 10–15 seconds is around one block. On the highway, 10–15 secs is about a quarter of a mile.

Take in the whole scene–If you only look at the middle of the road, girlfriend will miss what is happening on the next of the road and behind you. Scanning helps you come see:

Cars and also people that might be in the roadway by the time you reach them.Signs warning of problems ahead.Signs providing you directions.

Before changing lanes, look right into your rear watch mirror for nearby vehicles and likewise over her shoulder to inspect for blind spots. Blind spots can hide a motorcyclist, a car or a bicyclist. Watch because that things about to happen, choose a round rolling right into the street or a car door opening.

Watch for hazards–Look past the car ahead of you. Do not build a “fixed stare.” keep scanning. Examine your rear check out mirrors every two – five seconds therefore you understand the position of vehicles near you.

On the freeway, be prepared for transforms in traffic conditions. Watch for signals from various other drivers. Intend merging vehicles in ~ on-ramps and interchanges. Be prepared for rapid alters in roadway conditions and also traffic flow. Understand which lanes are clear for this reason you can use lock if necessary.

Be cautious of one inattentive or erratic driver. If you an alert that a automobile near girlfriend is driving in a manner the is unsafe, make yourself aware of their situation, and how the may affect you. Will they have the ability to see the red light? will they weave into one more lane? take into consideration what can happen if castle did. Find the best course of activity to take to avoid a potential hazard. Must you move to another lane? must you decrease your speed? know what to do to avoid problem or collision. Because you space the alert driver, be prepared to stop the guess errors the inattentive or erratic chauffeurs may make. Be prepared to hit the brakes if needed, or step on the gas to get out that the way.

Do not be a tailgater! numerous drivers execute not check out as much ahead together they should since they follow too carefully (tailgate), and the vehicle ahead blocks their view.

The much more space you permit between her vehicle and the automobile ahead, the much more time girlfriend will need to see a hazard and stop or avoid that hazard.

Most rear end collisions are brought about by tailgating. To protect against tailgating, usage the “three-second rule.” once the auto ahead of you passes a particular point such as a sign, count “one-thousand- one, one-thousand-two, one-thousand-three.” This takes about three seconds. If you pass the same allude before you end up counting, friend are adhering to too closely.

If you follow as well closely and another driver “cuts” in prior of you, just take your foot off the gas. This offers you space between your vehicle and the other driver, without having to slam on her brakes or swerve into another lane.

Any time you pertained to a ar where civilization may cross or enter your route or one heat of traffic meets another, you need to look come the left and right sides of your automobile to make sure no one is coming. Always look to every side the your car at intersections, crosswalks, and also railroad crossings.

At intersections:

Look both ways even if various other traffic has actually a red irradiate or a avoid sign: Look come the left first, because vehicles coming from the left room closer to you 보다 vehicles comes from the right.Look come the right.Take one much more look to the left in instance there is a auto or a pedestrian friend did not view the very first time.Do not count on web traffic signals. Some vehicle drivers do no obey traffic signals so before you go into an intersection, look at left, right, and ahead for approaching traffic.

To maintain a space cushion on every side of your vehicle:

Do not continue to be in another driver’s blind spot. The other driver may not check out your vehicle and could readjust lanes and hit you.Avoid driving directly alongside other vehicles top top multilane roads with or without traffic in the contrary direction. Another driver could crowd your lane or adjust lanes there is no looking and crash right into you. Drive either front of or behind the other vehicle.If feasible and once safe, make room for vehicles start freeways even though you have the right-of-way.At freeway exits, do not journey alongside various other cars. A driver may decide to exit suddenly or swerve earlier onto the freeway.Keep a space between yourself and parked cars. Someone might step the end from between them. A vehicle door may open or a auto may pull out suddenly.Be careful when driving close to motorcyclists or bicyclists. Always leave many of room between your vehicle and any motorcyclists or bicyclists.

It is very important to inspect behind you prior to you:

Change lanes. Watch over your shoulder come make sure you room not gaining in the method of vehicles in the lane you want to enter.Reduce her speed. Take it a quick glance in your mirrors. Additionally check her mirrors as soon as you are preparing to turn right into a side road or driveway and also when you are preventing to pull right into a parking space.Drive down a long or steep hill. Watch for huge vehicles due to the fact that they can gather speed really quickly.Back up. Backing increase is always dangerous due to the fact that it is tough to check out behind her vehicle. When you room backing the end of a parking space: Check in front and also behind the auto before you acquire in.Know where your children are.Make sure they are away from your vehicle and also in full view before moving your vehicle.If other children are nearby, make sure you have the right to see them before backing up.Do no depend just on her mirrors or just looking out a next window.Turn and also look over your right and also left shoulders prior to you begin backing. Together a safety and security measure, additionally look over her right and also left shoulders again while backing.Back progressively to protect against collisions.

Check traffic behind you frequently to understand if you room being tailgated (another driver is complying with too closely). If you space being tailgated, be careful! Brake slowly prior to stopping. Tap your brakes lightly a few times to warn the tailgater you space slowing down.

“Lose” the tailgater as quickly as friend can, by changing lanes and allowing the tailgater to pass you or slowing down to enable enough “cushion” between you and the auto in front of you. If this does no work, pull off the road when it is safe and also let the tailgater pass.


There are numerous contributing factors that can cause collisions. We will talk about these in further information later, however for now right here are few of the many common reasons of collisions:

Driving in ~ unsafe speeds.Driving ~ above the wrong side of the road.Making improper turns.Violating the right-of-way rules.Violating protect against signals and also signs.

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Driver distractions.

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